The Yanomami: The correct name of this indigenous group is the Yanomamo. The reason that in many languages are called Yanomami Yanomami or because they were the Salesians of Italian origin who were in charge of the Catholic missions in the region of the Yanomamo and Italian is the plural of Yanomami Yanomamo. Corroborates this name that the father Cocco, Italian missionary who spent many years living among the Yanomamo, the pointing with this name and not the plural in Italian. Several researchers agree that the origin of the Yanomami is polygenic, and they are not a "pure" race as erroneously stated. In small villages live between 40 and 50 people while in the big can reach three hundred. Their villages are built-Shabono-circle and are completely open.
Their houses are tapered and live in family groups. The situation of the cabins may vary and in many cases, instead of forming a circle, forming a row. Families share with other families in the community the products obtained by hunting, fishing or harvesting (shabono coexist within each family as a community).
The Yanomami are continuously moving, ie are nomadic. These movements are motivated by the short period of the crop productivity. They grow in their gardens most foods: banana, yam, sweet potato and taro. A crop lasts two or three years. When the soil is depleted, the town creates a new planting elsewhere. They also collect wild products and eat frogs.
Practice hunting all year, individually or in groups, and use the bow and arrow. Fishing is practiced less often and use the arrow to fish and timbo, which is a kind of plant that buffeted in the water to stun fish.
The Piaroas: They are an indigenous people living on the banks of the Orinoco and its tributaries in present-day Venezuela, and in some other parts of Venezuela and Colombia. It is estimated the population reaches 15,267 people
Their subsistence is based on shifting cultivation, hunting, fishing and gathering wild plants and micro-fauna such as spiders, caterpillars, worms, bachacos, termites, cicadas and larvae. In addition to activities directly related to obtaining food, an integral aspect of their subsistence economy is the manufacture of various technological artifacts, baskets, pottery, wood, dyes, poisons, fabrics, ropes, torches, feathers, collars, wax, gums, masks, blowpipes, bark cloth and gourds.
A fact that highlights the Piaroas is his absolute refusal to exercise physical or verbal violence. Severe in their self-control (when there are no disturbing factors such as alcohol), rigorous and disciplined, are horrified by one who is not able to tame their emotions. So, off the distempers tend to flee fearing the danger posed by the uncontrolled. Homicide is unknown due to the belief that those who commit it immediately dies in horrible conditions.
The Yekuanas: Also known as Maquiritares are an indigenous group of linguistic affiliation Venezuelan Caribbean living in regions of high and Caura rivers and Nichare Erebato Bolivar State and High River and rivers Ventuari Paru, Cunucunuffla, Iguape, Padamo and Middle Orinoco in Amazonas State.
The settlement pattern is characteristic yekuana coastal and dispersed. As preferred habitat jungle to savannah to establish their communities and conucos. The word yekuana symbolizes the common origin of the group: their ancestors according to tradition emerged from Yekuana Joao, hill located in or adjacent to the high plains river Cuntinamo. This ethnic group is also known commonly as Maquiritare (a term that comes from their language).
They have a mixed economy based on horticulture, hunting and fishing. Women mostly devoted to the work of conuco, counting only male presence for burning and cleaning the same. Experience is known as sailors and traders through the river system of the states they inhabit. Their canoes and paddles are in great demand for these regions. Also featured in the craft field, taking their high demand products both domestically and internationally.