The Hispanic population Amacuro Delta State was composed of different tribes, among which we can mention: The Aramayas, Arawak, Carib, Pariagotoes, Panacayos, these tribes were located in what is now known as the Upper Delta and Tiuitiuas tribe or tiguitiques, the Warao Mariusas and inhabited the delta proper. Currently all ethnicities have disappeared except for the Warao.
It was difficult to determine the date on which these tribes first settled in what is now known as Delta State Amacuro. However, it is ensured that the age of the Warao in Delta goes back about 17,000 years before Christ. This is established from studies that have been conducted on some pieces of pottery were found in the village the Fork, which is considered to have been prepared by the Indians.
All this suggests that the human race is the oldest in the Delta and Venezuela, from where it traveled to different islands in the Caribbean Sea. The term Warao translated into Castilian means: People of the boats.
Currently the Indian population is approximately 25,000 Warao, distributed in the four municipalities that make up the Delta State Amacuro and in greater proportion to the areas adjacent to the mouths of the pipes ..
Manners and Customs: Originally Waraos, like other Indians, led a nomadic life, which have been replaced by sedentary or afincamiento in certain places, but still, in some seasons they move to other places leaving the villages completely uninhabited.
Their houses are still mostly the typical habitat of their ancestors, but with some modifications which obviously left notice the influence of acculturation. The houses are located generally parallel to the river, with gabled roof covered with palm Temiche, and built on stilts, so that the floor manaca always be above the highest tide.
The traditional subsistence activities of the Warao were fishing, hunting, gathering wild fruits. Undoubtedly, these indigenous culture is still linked to the plant that provides food moriche, drink, home, ornaments and a coat to sleep as the dinghy. Currently, many of them work as rural laborers for wages and provide services in agricultural farms, mills, factories manufacturing the palm among others, but without forgetting hunting and fishing.
The Warao sleep in hammocks, made by women through a laborious process of the fiber of a tree called moriche. On the floor are large stoves for cooking up a layer of mud.
It is noteworthy that one of the most important possessions of Warao, due to its aquatic environment, is the canoe of a single trunk.
Can not say that marriage Warao lacks formality because there is no ceremony for such cases, without a prior engagement. She used to "get away" with the chosen partner in the shadows of the night. The Warao are not promiscuous by nature. Normally they only married life with the couple who have taken a wife and usually do very young people, especially women, in most cases married in their puberty stage.
As far as clothing is concerned, in most indigenous communities have disappeared guayuco pre-Hispanic, replacing sex-specific clothes. Many women always retain their ornaments consisting of oversized necklaces, with those that occur several times in the neck.
Among the Warao death is considered in two aspects: as a natural (if it occurs after a long life) or the intervention of spirits that harm people.
Previously, once placed the body in the casket, it was taking place outside the village, or left in the house of the dead on stakes to a meter high. In the latter case the house was completely abandoned. Currently, they have adopted the same customs of other Venezuelans.
Religion: The Warao are polytheists during its millennial existence. They worshiped the sun, the moon, the waters, which attributed special powers. At the beginning of the action of the missionaries, several tribes were educated and initiated into the Catholic faith.
Craft: According to archaeological work conducted in the Amacuro Delta State, has managed to rescue a number of pieces of pottery, demonstrating that the Warao were skilled craftsmen in that specialty, at times going back thousands years. Today still excellent craftsmen, using plant materials as moriche plants, and wood bora sangrito. Moriche elaborate hammocks, baskets, sebucanes, manares, beautiful, necklaces, and other animal figures carved wooden objects, revealing that the Warao have skills and also their own cultural heritage.
Other cultural events: It highlights the music, singing and dancing waraunas, which until recently were the core of all of its festivities.